For years, the phrase “oral surgery” has generated a lot of anxiety in patients that needed it. But with ongoing technological advancement, procedures have become quite painless and comfortable. One of these developments is sedation dentistry. This is the use sedatives during oral surgery to help minimize pain and make the patient relaxed. Anesthesia remains the most popular form of reducing the discomfort of oral surgery procedures. It comes in many forms, each of which works differently. The advances in anesthesia have made it possible for patients to undergo complex oral surgical procedures without feeling pain. Here are some of the most common types of anesthesia.
Local anesthesia means directly injecting sedatives into the surgical site. This numbs the nerves in that area. It means that the patient will be completely awake and aware all through the surgical process. However, they will not experience pain or uneasiness. Other types of sedatives combine well with local anesthesia. Nitrous oxide, also known as the laughing gas, is one option.
Nitrous oxide (laughing gas) is administered through inhalation and causes a feeling of relaxation. While this gas doesn’t knock the patient out completely, it leaves them less cognizant of their surroundings. Although it is a traditional sedation method, this type of anesthesia is wears off quickly and doesn’t leave any lingering side effects. Restrictions include patients not eating anything 2 hours before surgery time.
Intravenous Sedation (IV)
This involves the administration of sedatives through an intravenous line. It is also referred to as the twilight sedation. Basically, intravenous anesthesia causes the patient to forget the surgery and therefore they don’t feel pain or discomfort throughout the procedure. This type of anesthesia is mostly preferred for the removal of wisdom teeth.
Patients who undergo complex surgical procedures like facial injury or orthognathic surgery often receive this type of anesthesia. It is also ideal for patients who are extremely anxious ahead of their surgery. It puts the patient completely throughout the surgery, and is best administered by a qualified anesthetist in a hospital setting. In the past, older substances used for general anesthesia left patients with a feeling of drowsiness for about 24 hours after the procedure. In the past ten years or so, newer drugs have been developed that dramatically reduce recovery time. Taken as a whole, these advances have proved to be more reliable and effective than the traditional methods, such as nitrous oxide. But regardless of the method your procedure requires, only fully qualified professionals should be used in administering anesthetics of any kind.