Every woman desires to give birth to a healthy, strong baby. Unfortunately, this wish doesn’t always come true. So, you might end up giving birth to a baby with defects. Luckily, some of these defects can be reversed or rectified if detected before the baby is born. That’s why prenatal care is so critical.

So, how do you detect prenatal conditions in your fetus? This article talks about the best ways of diagnosing prenatal conditions.

What Are Prenatal Conditions?

Most baby defects aren’t due to trauma or difficulties experienced during delivery; they are usually caused by prenatal problems and complications that occur at different stages of pregnancy. With proper diagnosis, these complications can be managed and corrected before delivery. Some common prenatal conditions can easily be diagnosed through appropriate prenatal care.

Maternal Infections

Some infections during pregnancy can lead to severe defects and injuries at birth. Therefore, ensure any maternal infection is diagnosed correctly and the right treatment is given immediately to avoid future problems.

Fetal Macrosomia

Fetal macrosomia occurs when the fetus becomes too large in your womb. This problem must be diagnosed before labor to avert the dangers related to the vaginal delivery of an overly large baby. In this case, delivery through a C-section is the safest option.


This prenatal condition involves sudden maternal hypertension and swelling, primarily as you draw closer to the delivery date. Unfortunately, this condition often calls for premature delivery. The common symptoms of this condition include excess protein in your urine, indicating problems with your kidneys, high blood pressure, and signs of other organ damage. If this condition is not diagnosed soon enough, it can lead to severe complications for the mother and baby, some of which can easily cause death.


This is one of the riskiest prenatal conditions because it causes bacterial infection in the birth canal, which can spread to the fetal membranes and amniotic fluid, leading to severe complications, including the death of the fetus.

Placental Insufficiency

This problem occurs when your placenta is damaged or defective, making it difficult for the fetus to get enough nutrients and oxygen. If not fixed immediately, this condition can lead to abnormal growth of the fetus or death.

Thyroid Problems

The thyroid is the gland responsible for making hormones and regulating metabolism. When a thyroid problem occurs during pregnancy, it will affect the brain development of your fetus and other important processes, resulting in death or defects.