Wisdom teeth are the four molars that erupt at the back of your mouth during puberty or in your early 20s. Since these teeth grow when there isn’t enough space in your jaw, they often get stuck underneath the gum or emerge at the wrong angle. This is what is commonly referred to as an impacted wisdom tooth.
Unfortunately, your wisdom teeth can be impacted without showing any symptoms. That’s why dentists advise their patients to remove their wisdom teeth as soon as they emerge. But is wisdom teeth extraction really necessary? This concern will be addressed fully in this article.
What Is Wisdom Teeth Extraction?
Wisdom teeth extraction is a surgical procedure to get rid of one or all wisdom teeth. A dentist can perform this procedure in their office or by an oral surgeon. Most wisdom teeth extraction procedures require local anesthesia to help the patient relax during the extraction. But if the procedure is complex or involves the extraction of multiple wisdom teeth, you may be given general anesthesia to sleep throughout the procedure.
Why Is Wisdom Teeth Extraction Important?
As mentioned above, wisdom teeth can erupt at a wrong angle or emerge partially, increasing the risk of developing other serious oral complications like infections, teeth decay, gum diseases, etc.
Even if your wisdom teeth do not present any problems today, they are likely to cause serious complications in the future. That’s why it is advisable to remove them as soon as they erupt, even if they are not causing any pain or discomfort.
If your wisdom teeth erupt partially, they will leave open sockets in your gums where food particles, plaque, and bacteria can get trapped, increasing the risk of gum infection and teeth decay. Wisdom teeth that grow at the wrong angle can easily damage the neighboring teeth, nerves, and jawbone. They can also cause fluid-filled sacs (cysts) in your gums, especially around the impacted wisdom teeth that can easily damage the neighboring teeth. To prevent these and other future problems, you should have all your wisdom teeth removed as soon as they erupt.
Removing your wisdom teeth in the future when they are firmly attached to your jawbone poses serious risks, including damage to the nerves and jawbone. Therefore, you should remove them when their roots and bone are still soft and not fully formed. For more information on wisdom teeth extraction, get in touch with Head and Neck right away.