Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder in which your normal breathing is repeatedly disrupted, forcing you to keep waking up. The disruption of normal breathing occurs when the muscles in your airways relax, causing the airways to become narrow or close up completely.
When your breathing stops, the oxygen levels in your blood drop, and your brain senses the inability to breathe, forcing you to wake up so that your blocked airways can open. This is a potentially serious condition that can result in several serious complications. Thankfully, sleep apnea is treatable. Here are some of the main treatment options for sleep apnea.
Positive Airway Pressure Devices
This treatment method involves using a positive airway pressure machine to supply you with pressurized air to keep your airways open and supply you with enough air while sleeping. This machine also has a face mask attached to it that will be placed snugly over your nose or mouth to send pressurized air down your throat. The pressurized air will prevent the muscles in your airways from collapsing, allowing you to enjoy a good night’s sleep.
Studies have shown that more people in the United States accept oral appliances as an effective solution for sleep apnea. FDA has approved more than 100 oral devices for use in treating sleep apnea. You can wear one of these devices in your mouth while sleeping to prevent your airways from collapsing. The good thing about these appliances is that they are comfortable, easy to use, quiet, portable, and easy to maintain.
Inspire Upper Airway Stimulation Therapy
If you have sleep apnea and cannot use the continuous positive airway pressure machine or the oral devices, you should try the new, clinically tested airway stimulation therapy. This method involves activating the genioglossus muscles that are known to cause blockage in the airways when they relax. Activation of these muscles is done through stimulation of the hypoglossal nerve.
The stimulation process is done using an airway stimulation system with a small impulse generator fitted beneath the clavicle, a hollow breathing sensing lead fitted between the external and intercostal muscles, and a hollow stimulation lead attached to the hypoglossal nerve that causes tongue protrusion.
This type of surgery is commonly referred to as tracheostomy, and it is meant to put a permanent opening in your Neck to your windpipe to cure sleep apnea. It also helps to treat the problem of snoring.
For more information on sleep apnea and the available treatment options, get in touch with head and Neck right away.