When you sustain a serious facial injury, one area that is likely to be severely fractured is your jawbone. If the fractures are so severe, your doctor will recommend bone grafting to help restore and reinforce the affected bone. Continue reading to learn more about the uses of bone grafting in facial trauma.

What Is Facial Bone Grafting?

Facial bone grafting is the process of using bone tissue harvested from other parts of your body or from a donor to repair broken facial bones, especially the jawbone. If the graft and the natural bone merge successfully, the broken bone will be fully healed and restored.

Uses of Bone Grafting in Repairing Facial Injuries

When your jaw is fractured, the broken pieces of the jawbone must be reassembled. This helps restore the stability and shape of your jaw while preventing pain and discomfort caused by poor jaw functions. Although metal screws and plates can be used for certain jaw fractures, bone tissue has proved to be the most effective in reinforcing the jawbone and restoring your natural jawbone structure and performance.

It is also important to note that complex facial injuries should be managed by direct exposure, reduction, and fixation of all fractures utilizing the interfragmentary connection. If the bone is fractured into more than two pieces (comminuted or absent bone, it is supposed to be replaced by immediate bone grafting to produce a stable skeleton without using external fixation devices.

The results of immediate bone grafting have proved to be quite excellent, and complications are rare. The bone graft materials can be placed in different parts of your face for various reasons. Here are some of the primary uses of bone grafting in treating facial injuries:

  • After tooth extraction: Your dentist may advise you to get a bone graft in your alveolar sockets after a tooth extraction or when your tooth is knocked out in an accident.
  • Refilling lost jawbone: A bone graft helps refill a local bony deficiency occasioned by trauma or infection.
  • Refilling peri-implant defects: A bone graft can help you refill a peri-implant deficiency caused by peri-implantitis—a pathological condition that occurs in tissues around dental implants.
  • Augmentation of the jaw: Bone grafting helps maxillofacial surgeons to perform horizontal and vertical augmentation of the upper and lower jaws.

For more information on bone grafting and facial trauma, get in touch with Head and Neck.